Counselling For HIV-AIDS Patients

Being Diagnosed with HIV-AIDS will lead to a difficult time in anyone’s life. One very often experiences great psychological stress and trauma, once they know that they have been diagnosed with this disease. Psychosocial and psychological stress may include them to feel fear of rejection, social stigma, anxiety, fear about disease progression and uncertainty about the future.

Types of Counselling and Therapy for HIV AIDS:

Preventive Counselling / Counselling for Risk Reduction.

As the title suggests, this method of counselling is aimed at high-risk individuals such as adolescents, juveniles, young population indulging in drug abuse, gay partners, etc. This kind of Counselling is primarily information providing therapy, where high-risk individuals are provided with the information and support about how to avoid behaviors by which they can safeguard themselves from the risk of HIV AIDS. Prevention counselling primarily consists of risk reduction counselling, pretest counselling and post-test counselling. In terms of adolescent counselling, the risk reduction approach to HIV counselling can be divided into various phases such as, exploring clients feelings about sexual activity, using their existing HIV knowledge as an engaging tool, addressing the barriers they have for safer sex, focusing on perceptions that might affect risky behaviors, focus on safe sex planning.

Counselling in Infected Individuals

Infected Individuals often struggle with emotions such as grief, anger, anxiety about future. HIV Aids affecting their relationships and marriage, reproduction, etc. With the help of Counselling using various types of therapies, psychologists help them to cope with their unhealthy negative emotions better. Clients may go through the 5 stages of grief when they get to know that they have been diagnosed with HIV. At first, they may be in Denial. Unable to believe that something like this has happened to them. After which they may experience Rage and Anger. “Why only me?” “What wrong have I done?” followed by Bargaining. And finally leading to Depression. If however, an individual does receive psychological intervention during these stages, he/she can be taught to cope in a healthy manner to finally reach the stage of Acceptance. Very often Individuals may struggle with one or the other stages and be stuck there as they do not receive counselling. More information on counselling for HIV-AIDS patients


Counselling For Separation Anxiety

Separation Anxiety is most commonly recognised as a juvenile disorder in which children experience signs of anxiety when separated from their primary caregiver. In more recent times however, adults have become increasingly diagnosed with adult separation anxiety.

Adult separation anxiety is much the same as the disorder as that faced by children; however, the primary caregiver can be any major attachment figure in the adult life. Most often these attachment figures include spouses, boyfriends, girlfriends, siblings and or friends.

Adults who face this may experience extreme anxiety when they are away from their attachment figure may constantly want to be in touch with their loved ones, and may even face full blown panic attacks when they are not able to get in touch or rejoin with their attachments figures. They constantly avoid being alone or leaving their attachment figures alone. They may have irrational fears and thoughts that something bad may happen to their loved ones if they are not around them.

Research has shown that adults who seem to have an anxious or an avoidant attachment style may be more prone to experiencing Adult Separation Anxiety that those who have secure attachment styles.

How can Counselling Help Adults who face and grapple with Separation Anxiety?

In Counselling, Individuals are helped to recognise that their Emotional Barometer is overly sensitive, and that may often create a significant amount of distress within him/her as well as others. With the help of Counselling And Therapy, Experts help clients to identify the Irrational Thought that creates the Anxiety. With a number of Behavioural and Emotional Exercises, they help the client to overcome, challenge and change the Irrational Thinking and Belief Systems. The overall process, of Counselling also helps the client to be more aware of his/her emotions and thinking patterns. The client slowly with the help of exposure therapy, is exposed to such anxiety creating situations, and then helped. This enables him to deal with the anxiety that is created in that controlled situation. Slowly but surely, the client’s threshold for breaking and coping with the Anxiety increases.

Do you feel distressed because of Anxiety? Need help regarding Emotional Issues? Log on to and speak to an Expert Now!

Counselling For Assertiveness

Do you find it difficult to say a “NO” to someone for something that you do not wish to do?? or may be taking a stand for your own self in situations that were not very comfortable? These are examples of situations that involve assertive behavior. Assertiveness can be defined as communication in which one expresses oneself in a direct and honest manner in interpersonal situations, while simultaneously respecting the rights and dignity of others.

Assertiveness is the antidote to fear, shyness, passivity, and even anger, so there is an astonishingly wide range of situations in which this training is appropriate. distinguished from being unassertive (weak, passive, compliant, self-sacrificing) or aggressive (self-cantered, inconsiderate, hostile, arrogantly demanding).

How can counselling help??

Counselling can help a lot in being assertive. It is based on the principle that we all have a right to express our thoughts, feelings, and needs to others, as long as we do so in a respectful way. When we don’t feel like we can express ourselves openly, we may become depressed, anxious, or angry, and our sense of self-worth may suffer.

CBT is one therapy structure that helps in imbibing assertiveness. It helps us change the way we think, feel and accordingly alter our behavior. Counselling can help you get aware of the reasons as to why you would want to give in and not be assertive for your own needs. it gives us an insight and helps us work towards building assertiveness. Here are some steps that we can follow to built assertiveness:

We need to understand the the change is needed and we need to believe in our rights

We need to figure out appropriate ways of asserting ourselves.

We can practice being assertive by participating in role plays.

Through counselling, you not only focus not on talking about the importance of assertiveness, but also on learning assertive behavior and practicing these behavior with the help of a professional therapist. Visit Counselling For Assertiveness

How Do Counselling and Psychotherapy Help Highly Sensitive Persons?

image-of-sensitive-personAre you sensitive to criticism? Do you feel extremely hurt with feedback and it feels like a direct attack on you? Then we can help you out with therapy and counselling.

The reason a person develops sensitivity to criticism is that they do not have a strong sense of self. Therefore, they quickly absorb negative evaluations of themselves as true. It is tough to accept negative evaluations of yourself and still feel good about you. Without a strong sense of self, criticism cannot be taken as just feedback and cannot be shrugged off as untrue. These are the many reasons why criticism or feedback hurts a sensitive person.

What we at Type a Thought do within counselling and therapy is that work on the self-esteem and self-confidence of the client. Many times, we find out that due to harsh or neglectful parenting, the client as a child started to have many negative assumptions about himself or herself. These concretized more and more as the person grew up, and ended up becoming a self-fulfilling prophecy. The low self-esteem would show in the body language and way of talking about the person, and this would make them easy targets for manipulation and dominance or bullying by mean people. This, in return, would confirm the notions the client has about himself or herself.

We try to break this vicious cycle by first helping the person vent during counselling sessions. The next step is to identify what is and is not in our control. Is changing the past in your control? No. So, we help you to accept the patterns that came from your past, but we help you to change them so that you can function more fully. Once the cognitive steps are taken, we also help with behavioral training and assertiveness skills in order to change social interactions. Gradually, as you develop a stronger sense of self and have higher levels of confidence, you will develop a thick skin against criticism as well.

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