Being Diagnosed with HIV-AIDS will lead to a difficult time in anyone’s life. One very often experiences great psychological stress and trauma, once they know that they have been diagnosed with this disease. Psychosocial and psychological stress may include them to feel fear of rejection, social stigma, anxiety, fear about disease progression and uncertainty about the future.
Types of Counselling and Therapy for HIV AIDS:
Preventive Counselling / Counselling for Risk Reduction.
As the title suggests, this method of counselling is aimed at high-risk individuals such as adolescents, juveniles, young population indulging in drug abuse, gay partners, etc. This kind of Counselling is primarily information providing therapy, where high-risk individuals are provided with the information and support about how to avoid behaviors by which they can safeguard themselves from the risk of HIV AIDS. Prevention counselling primarily consists of risk reduction counselling, pretest counselling and post-test counselling. In terms of adolescent counselling, the risk reduction approach to HIV counselling can be divided into various phases such as, exploring clients feelings about sexual activity, using their existing HIV knowledge as an engaging tool, addressing the barriers they have for safer sex, focusing on perceptions that might affect risky behaviors, focus on safe sex planning.
Counselling in Infected Individuals
Infected Individuals often struggle with emotions such as grief, anger, anxiety about future. HIV Aids affecting their relationships and marriage, reproduction, etc. With the help of Counselling using various types of therapies, psychologists help them to cope with their unhealthy negative emotions better. Clients may go through the 5 stages of grief when they get to know that they have been diagnosed with HIV. At first, they may be in Denial. Unable to believe that something like this has happened to them. After which they may experience Rage and Anger. “Why only me?” “What wrong have I done?” followed by Bargaining. And finally leading to Depression. If however, an individual does receive psychological intervention during these stages, he/she can be taught to cope in a healthy manner to finally reach the stage of Acceptance. Very often Individuals may struggle with one or the other stages and be stuck there as they do not receive counselling. More information on counselling for HIV-AIDS patients https://www.typeathought.com/