Counselling For Children With Disabilities

Treatment of developmental disabilities can come in a variety of different forms. The best treatment regimens are the result of an individualized treatment plan formed by a team of health care multidisciplinary professionals. The plan will be based on the severity of the disability and should involve patients, families, teachers, and caregivers in all phases of planning, decision making, and treatment. The individualized treatment plan will take into consideration both the immediate needs of the patient, and the long term prognosis for development.

Behavioral Therapy

Behavior therapy is a type of psychotherapy that focuses on reducing behavior problems and promoting adaptation skills. Behavioral therapy uses psychological techniques to improve physical, mental, and communicative skills.

Cognitive Therapy

Cognitive therapy is the opposite of behavior therapy. Cognitive therapy focuses primarily on the thoughts and emotions that lead to certain behaviors, while behavioral therapy deals with changing and eliminating those unwanted behaviors.

Occupational Therapy

Occupational therapy, or OT for short, is a treatment therapy that helps people achieves independence in all facets of their lives. If your child has physical disabilities or developmental delays, occupational therapy can improve their cognitive (thinking), physical and motor skills as well as address psychological, social, and environmental factors that impact your child’s functioning.

Speech Therapy

Speech therapy is a clinical program aimed at improving speech and language skills and oral motor abilities. This means talking, using sign language, or using a communication aid. Children who are able to talk may work on making their speech clearer, or on building their language skills by learning new words, learning to speak in sentences, or improving their listening skills. More information for child counselling visit here.

Counselling For HIV-AIDS Patients

Being Diagnosed with HIV-AIDS will lead to a difficult time in anyone’s life. One very often experiences great psychological stress and trauma, once they know that they have been diagnosed with this disease. Psychosocial and psychological stress may include them to feel fear of rejection, social stigma, anxiety, fear about disease progression and uncertainty about the future.

Types of Counselling and Therapy for HIV AIDS:

Preventive Counselling / Counselling for Risk Reduction.

As the title suggests, this method of counselling is aimed at high-risk individuals such as adolescents, juveniles, young population indulging in drug abuse, gay partners, etc. This kind of Counselling is primarily information providing therapy, where high-risk individuals are provided with the information and support about how to avoid behaviors by which they can safeguard themselves from the risk of HIV AIDS. Prevention counselling primarily consists of risk reduction counselling, pretest counselling and post-test counselling. In terms of adolescent counselling, the risk reduction approach to HIV counselling can be divided into various phases such as, exploring clients feelings about sexual activity, using their existing HIV knowledge as an engaging tool, addressing the barriers they have for safer sex, focusing on perceptions that might affect risky behaviors, focus on safe sex planning.

Counselling in Infected Individuals

Infected Individuals often struggle with emotions such as grief, anger, anxiety about future. HIV Aids affecting their relationships and marriage, reproduction, etc. With the help of Counselling using various types of therapies, psychologists help them to cope with their unhealthy negative emotions better. Clients may go through the 5 stages of grief when they get to know that they have been diagnosed with HIV. At first, they may be in Denial. Unable to believe that something like this has happened to them. After which they may experience Rage and Anger. “Why only me?” “What wrong have I done?” followed by Bargaining. And finally leading to Depression. If however, an individual does receive psychological intervention during these stages, he/she can be taught to cope in a healthy manner to finally reach the stage of Acceptance. Very often Individuals may struggle with one or the other stages and be stuck there as they do not receive counselling. More information on counselling for HIV-AIDS patients  https://www.typeathought.com/

Counselling For Separation Anxiety

Separation Anxiety is most commonly recognised as a juvenile disorder in which children experience signs of anxiety when separated from their primary caregiver. In more recent times however, adults have become increasingly diagnosed with adult separation anxiety.

Adult separation anxiety is much the same as the disorder as that faced by children; however, the primary caregiver can be any major attachment figure in the adult life. Most often these attachment figures include spouses, boyfriends, girlfriends, siblings and or friends.

Adults who face this may experience extreme anxiety when they are away from their attachment figure may constantly want to be in touch with their loved ones, and may even face full blown panic attacks when they are not able to get in touch or rejoin with their attachments figures. They constantly avoid being alone or leaving their attachment figures alone. They may have irrational fears and thoughts that something bad may happen to their loved ones if they are not around them.

Research has shown that adults who seem to have an anxious or an avoidant attachment style may be more prone to experiencing Adult Separation Anxiety that those who have secure attachment styles.

How can Counselling Help Adults who face and grapple with Separation Anxiety?

In Counselling, Individuals are helped to recognise that their Emotional Barometer is overly sensitive, and that may often create a significant amount of distress within him/her as well as others. With the help of Counselling And Therapy, Experts help clients to identify the Irrational Thought that creates the Anxiety. With a number of Behavioural and Emotional Exercises, they help the client to overcome, challenge and change the Irrational Thinking and Belief Systems. The overall process, of Counselling also helps the client to be more aware of his/her emotions and thinking patterns. The client slowly with the help of exposure therapy, is exposed to such anxiety creating situations, and then helped. This enables him to deal with the anxiety that is created in that controlled situation. Slowly but surely, the client’s threshold for breaking and coping with the Anxiety increases.

Do you feel distressed because of Anxiety? Need help regarding Emotional Issues? Log on to www.typeathought.com and speak to an Expert Now!

Counselling For Assertiveness

Do you find it difficult to say a “NO” to someone for something that you do not wish to do?? or may be taking a stand for your own self in situations that were not very comfortable? These are examples of situations that involve assertive behavior. Assertiveness can be defined as communication in which one expresses oneself in a direct and honest manner in interpersonal situations, while simultaneously respecting the rights and dignity of others.

Assertiveness is the antidote to fear, shyness, passivity, and even anger, so there is an astonishingly wide range of situations in which this training is appropriate. distinguished from being unassertive (weak, passive, compliant, self-sacrificing) or aggressive (self-cantered, inconsiderate, hostile, arrogantly demanding).

How can counselling help??

Counselling can help a lot in being assertive. It is based on the principle that we all have a right to express our thoughts, feelings, and needs to others, as long as we do so in a respectful way. When we don’t feel like we can express ourselves openly, we may become depressed, anxious, or angry, and our sense of self-worth may suffer.

CBT is one therapy structure that helps in imbibing assertiveness. It helps us change the way we think, feel and accordingly alter our behavior. Counselling can help you get aware of the reasons as to why you would want to give in and not be assertive for your own needs. it gives us an insight and helps us work towards building assertiveness. Here are some steps that we can follow to built assertiveness:

We need to understand the the change is needed and we need to believe in our rights

We need to figure out appropriate ways of asserting ourselves.

We can practice being assertive by participating in role plays.

Through counselling, you not only focus not on talking about the importance of assertiveness, but also on learning assertive behavior and practicing these behavior with the help of a professional therapist. Visit typeathought.com Counselling For Assertiveness

The Psychology of Parentin

Effective parenting is the process of promoting and supporting the child grow emotionally,physically and socially. It is about the aspects of raising the child aside from the biological relationship. As parents, we exert enormous influence over our child’s development. Parents are the first people they interact with and hence our behavior and our parenting styles help develop their personality. Let us have a look at the four major recognized parenting styles:

AUTHORITATIVE: Authoritative parents set some rules that children are expected to follow.However, they often explain the reasons for the rules and they are more willing to consider the child’s feelings when setting limits. These parents use consequences instead of punishments. They try to reinforce positive behavior by using reward systems and praise. These children turn out to be more happy and successful adults. They are good at making decisions, have a rational approach and are good at expressing their opinions.

AUTHORITARIAN: Authoritarian parents establish rules and regulations for their children and are very rigid about it. They use punishments instead of consequences. Some times, children tend to become hostile and aggressive and they may focus more on being angry at their parents for the punishment rather than learning how to make decisions and solve problems.

NEGLECTFUL: Neglectful parents often do not meet their children’s basic needs and may expect children to raise themselves. They tend to have little knowledge of what their children are doing. There are very few rules or expectations. Children lack the desired parental attention. When parents do not pay attention, children tend to develop low self-esteem and confidence. They have a hard time concentrating on one thing. They also exhibit frequent behavioral problems and rank low in happiness.

ARPERMISSIVE PENTING: Permissive parents do not offer much discipline. They are more lenient in their approach and may step in only when there is a serious problem. They take on more of a friend role than a parent role. These children who grow up with permissive parents perform poorly in their academics. They tend to show more behavioral problems. They often have low self-esteem and confidence and may report a lot of sadness.

HOW CAN THERAPY HELP IN EFFECTIVE PARENTING??

Parents are given “Emotional Coaching” training by therapists to help them identify their child’s emotions. In this way they can help their children deal with difficult emotional experiences, providing their children with the skills that are necessary to regulate their emotions as they get older. As a result, these children grow up to be more resilient, socially skilled, and emotionally mature, while still maintaining a rich emotional life.
These parents teach their children that we all feel in a certain way or have certain thoughts and it is not wrong, but at times, particular behaviors can be wrong. Thus, it should always be okay for people to express how they feel.

Instead of viewing their children’s unpleasant emotions as something to be stopped or avoided, these parents perceive these experiences as opportunities to teach their children how to manage their emotions. Negative emotions are experienced by all being human. When parents try to dismiss or disapprove of their children’s feelings, they make the child feel that there’s something wrong with their way of thinking and feeling and this leaves the child ill-equipped to deal with these feelings in the future.
Also, when the child feels that he is not being judged for his mistakes, he is more receptive to criticisms and deals with the difficult situations effectively.

Have a word with one of the expert psychologists here

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How Does Cunselling Help In Traeaing Bipolar Disorder?

Bipolar disorder is a long-term illness.There have been effective medications for bipolar disorder yet many patients still experience episode recurrences and relapse. The cause of the episode recurrence and relapse could be due to medication non-compliance, alcohol and drug use, poor daily functioning and high-stress levels. These symptoms may cause some discomfort and interference with day to day activities. To improve treatment outcomes and quality of life for patients suffering from bipolar, psychotherapy and psychosocial interventions are used in addition to medication.

Initially,psychoeducation helps patient understand the severity and symptoms of the illness. Their ability to understand the symptoms may vary over time. The psychologist or psychiatrist gradually explains the facts about the illness which helps in reinforcing the patient about his role in dealing and treating his persistent illness. They may have difficulty in accepting the illness which may minimize the patient’s need for continuing the treatment.

In Bipolar disorder, consistency to the treatment plans can improve the patient’s health status. However, their uncertain nature takes the form of non-compliance to medication and other treatments which is a major cause of relapse. Thus, with the help of counseling, patients, and family members can benefit from understanding the role of stressors,patterns of mood, regular activity, and sleep.

Counseling can play an important role in teaching bipolar patients about their disorder and helping them deal with adjustment difficulties. Counseling can help patients cope with their everyday stressors which helps to regulate their thoughts, moods and activities and hence, it helps them to be prepared to manage between-episode symptoms. Counseling also helps in adaptation to the illness. It helps with regulation of patient’s self-esteem and management of other psychosocial issues.

Episodes of mania or depression often leave patients with emotional instability, social impairment, family and academic issues, occupational and financial problems. During manic episodes, for example, patients may splurge unwisely, damage important relationships, lose jobs or may commit reckless sexual behaviors’. Following mood episodes, patients may require counseling in addressing the psychosocial consequences of their actions. They may experience difficulties in their interpersonal relationships, cognition, work, living conditions and other medical or health related needs. Thus, counseling helps them to address such issues. For example, some patients may require assistance in scheduling absenteeism at work or other responsibilities. While in their depressive or manic state, others may require encouragement to avoid major life changes. Therefore, Counseling helps them to set realistic and attainable goals for themselves in terms of desirable level of functioning.

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How Do Counselling and Psychotherapy Help Highly Sensitive Persons?

image-of-sensitive-personAre you sensitive to criticism? Do you feel extremely hurt with feedback and it feels like a direct attack on you? Then we can help you out with therapy and counselling.

The reason a person develops sensitivity to criticism is that they do not have a strong sense of self. Therefore, they quickly absorb negative evaluations of themselves as true. It is tough to accept negative evaluations of yourself and still feel good about you. Without a strong sense of self, criticism cannot be taken as just feedback and cannot be shrugged off as untrue. These are the many reasons why criticism or feedback hurts a sensitive person.

What we at Type a Thought do within counselling and therapy is that work on the self-esteem and self-confidence of the client. Many times, we find out that due to harsh or neglectful parenting, the client as a child started to have many negative assumptions about himself or herself. These concretized more and more as the person grew up, and ended up becoming a self-fulfilling prophecy. The low self-esteem would show in the body language and way of talking about the person, and this would make them easy targets for manipulation and dominance or bullying by mean people. This, in return, would confirm the notions the client has about himself or herself.

We try to break this vicious cycle by first helping the person vent during counselling sessions. The next step is to identify what is and is not in our control. Is changing the past in your control? No. So, we help you to accept the patterns that came from your past, but we help you to change them so that you can function more fully. Once the cognitive steps are taken, we also help with behavioral training and assertiveness skills in order to change social interactions. Gradually, as you develop a stronger sense of self and have higher levels of confidence, you will develop a thick skin against criticism as well.

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